As part of the Action Plan to implement the recommendations from the WHOIS Policy Review team, ICANN commissioned a study to document and evaluate the potential solutions for submitting or displaying contact data in non-ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) character sets. Conducted by a team of experts1, the study was designed to inform the ICANN community of the feasibility of transliteration, transcription or translation (collectively transformation) of internationalized registration data for its broader accessibility. The study looked at current practices for handling internationalized contact data by e-merchants, registries and registrars. It examined the support of such data by relevant protocols. The study also assessed the accuracy implications of transforming internationalized contact data.